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The area which has been our traditional land and where we have our homes, gardens and roads is taken over 80% by the Wildlife Authorities and declared our land as government property and termed our people “encroachers”. Not just that in order to further cover up their illegal occupation they use variety of techniques to smear bad reputation on our people such as illegal immigrants from Burma, hunters, just to name a few. But we are watching and will surely tackle when right time comes.
Map of NPP as declared by the Government (Changlang District site).
- It is the third largest national park in India, in terms of area (1807.02 sq kms).
- Altitude ranges from 200 metres at the lowest point to 4571 metres at the highest point.
30 July…“In 2018, we set up 118 camera traps but could not catch any tiger. We confirmed the presence of three individual tigers from pug marks and scats (DNA from tiger poop),” Mr Riba [Conservator of Forests of Namdapha] said. (The Hindu, 25 July 2019). [The tiger disappeared inspite of huge funding from NTCA and GoAP. A news commentary said that “With funds and management resources both from the NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority) and the Government of Arunachal Pradesh, this national park is seem to be either mismanaged or totally ignored”].
25 July… The authorities of the Namdapha Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh have discontinued the services of 53 frontline staff, all casual employees…. Read more (The Hindu, 25 July 2019)… [53 casual labourers were employed under National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).]
28 July…Once completed the road would not only ensure national security with speedy movement of security forces guarding the border, while the road passing though Namdapha Tiger Reserve (NTR) will make it more secured. Many local people living within the NTR along the proposed road will be shifted to inhabited areas as assured by Mossang… (Arunachal Observer, 28 July 2019). [Note: … will be shifted to inhabited areas]
4 August…A committee constituted by National Tiger Conservation Authority to review Namdapha tiger reserve in Arunachal Pradesh has mooted the idea of providing choppers to authorities for effective management of the reserve… The tiger reserve management should also be provided with helicopters. They should stay in Vijaynagar and protect the tiger reserve from there. This can continue till the Miao-Vijaynagar road is made suitable for vehicles,” the report said. This point was strongly recommended in the report… (Source: TelegraphIndia, 4 August 2019). [Several ideas gleaned: 1) Namdapha will use chopper services. 2) They will have a base in Vijoynagar. 3) They will use skill development process to earn our confidence and then they will propose rehabilitation plans which is their ultimately goal. Human goodness never seems to be their core motivation].
21 April: Nagodi village was evicted. Details of that event was documented. This was the third eviction undertaken by the Forest Department.
30 March: Effort to relocate our people at M’pen by the administration. We sidelined that suggestion. Instead demanded for recognition of villages within the park.
8 August: A Central’s report mentioned that MV Road to Deban to Vijoynagar could be a threat — might used for wildlife trade. Wildlife makes good lies!
5 Dec: Experts recommended NCTA to recruit as protection force from 84 families of Lisus living in 8 villages under NPP. Also Forest Camps to set up every 10km with Lisu staffs.
District administration searched for land to relocate Lisu people (Down to Earth).
First complaint made about the encroachment in Namdapha by Lisu (Down to Earth).
177 sq km of Reserved Forest was added to the Tiger Reserve as Buffer Zone, which is only in the north-west of the park. This area had human settlements earlier (Haldibari, Farmbase and Zero camp). The “Core Area” of the park is 1807.82 sqkm. The total area of the park is 1985 sqkm.
Eviction in Miphoto village. This was the second eviction drive.
Declared a National Park and Tiger Reserve and became the 15th Tiger Reserve. That meant a big change. First, it is a protected area. And then the national park “provides protection to the entire set of the ecosystem, i.e. flora, fauna, landscape, etc. of that region. Lastly, biosphere reserves are the protected areas, which tend to conserve the genetic diversity of the plants, animals birds, etc.” (Keydifferences). Tiger Reserve aim to preserve tiger population. NPP boasts of having 11 tigers (Wikipedia). Tiger Reserves are managed under Tiger Project by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
All Yobin Students Union (AYSU) protested at Miphoto village. The declaration of park boundary was upto Miphoto village (80 Mile) which is just outside Gandhigram. Student leaders under Phuyedwe (President) and Late Khuyofu protested. They were badly beaten by Forest Officials and Police.
Dr Subhendu Sekhar Saha, a wildlife scientist, discovered “Namdapha Flying Squirrel”. Years later in 2011 another scientist, Dr. Murali, came to research that animal. (Indian Express)
Eviction of Agohomu village (now renamed Nibodi at 52 Mile) carried out by the Forest Department. More about this incident narrated from eye witnesses. This was the first major impact on Yobin people after declaring it as Wildlife Sanctuary. It was very severe because houses were burnt, all food supplies destroyed. This happened when most adults went to Gandhigram for an official call by Circle Officer. And the Forest Department made a perfect timing and targeted almost to death. A list of “ceased” articles were declared by the DC Khonsa to the CO Vijoynagar after the incident.
Namdapha was established as Wildlife Sanctuary under Assam Forest Regulation. That means the government designated the area for protection and favourable living conditions to the wild animals (see Keydifferences).
In 1947, Mr. W. Maiklinjalm, Forest Advisor to the Governor of Assam put forth a proposal to protect this wilderness and declare it a national park. But this was ignored and during the Indo-China war, files that advised protection mysteriously disappeared. In 1969, some of these papers were recovered. (Nature Conservation).
It was originally a reserved forest under the Assam Forest Regulation Act of 1891.