Several indigenous tribes and other communities reside in and around the park such as the Lisu, Miju Mishmi, Lama and Chakma communities (Deb and Sundriyal, 2007; Datta et al., 2008). The Chakma and Miju Mishmi enter the park for fuel-wood, nontimber forest produce collection (Arunachalam et al., 2004), hunting and fishing. While their impact is restricted to the western portion of the park, it is members of the Lisu tribe that reside along the eastern fringe of the park who access the interior and remote areas. A population of 3988 (Census of India, 2001) reside beyond the south-eastern park boundary in four villages of the Lisu tribe and nine villages of the Nepali community. Although some Lisu households existed within the park earlier, more Lisu families have migrated into the park since 1997, as their populations have grown and owing to a serious decline in cultivable land due to erosion by the river Noa-Dihing. Currently 65 such families reside in the park and practice settled rice cultivation in the river valley (Datta et al., 2008).
- Why are only Lisu, Miju Mishmi, Lama and Chakma mentioned as living around the Park? What about other tribes like Singpho and Tangsa? It is even strange that Lama is even listed. They don’t come close; they live within fixed boundary away from the park.
- Report rightly mentioned Lisu lived in the park earlier. It should be rather stated “before the park was declared”. And it was not more people have migrated but the sons and daughters of those who lived there in the 70s have increased.
- Good counting of 65 families within the park. I wouldn’t have known the exact figures if not of this research and Aparajita’s.
SOURCE: Management Plan: Namdapha National Park (A research project undertaken by Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of India and Indira Gandhi Conservation Monitoring Centre-WWF India). URL: http://moef.nic.in/downloads/public-information/Namdapha%20Management%20Plan-08022012.pdf (accessed: 3 July 2013). Page 22-23.