Autonomous Council: A Reflection

In recent years, the demand for Autonomous Councils gained momentum in Arunachal Pradesh such as Patkai Autonomous Development Council (PADC) and Mon Autonomous Development Council. Out of curiosity I attended in one of the PADC meetings at Circuit House, Miao. Lots of deliberations were happening. Then there is also many policies and agendas hidden in the form of Byelaws. For example no response for “Where will be the two Unreserved Seats?

I got interested as this will impact my life too. The following are my learning about Autonomous Councils.

  • Autonomous Councils are general called Autonomous Administration Divisions, given by Central Government with varying degrees of autonomy within the State Legislature.
  • Several Autonomous Councils are in India, mostly in the North East: nine in Assam, three in Meghalaya, three in Mizoram, two in Jammu & Kashmir, and one each in Tripura, West Bengal and Manipur. Whole state of Meghalaya is Autonomous Councils. Most of these councils are allotted along the ethnic lines.
  • Most of the establishment and functions are based on the sixth schedule article 244 (2) & Article 275(1) to the Constitution of India.
  • The council is given Executive, Judiciary, Legislative and financial powers (more on this from Raghav article).


Such councils have been created in those states which has Sixth Scheduled status. Whereas Arunachal Pradesh had not given that status (The State of Arunachal Pradesh Act 1986). Would then, the Central Government grant Autonomous Councils?

The demand by PADC is based on Article 371(A) which is in line with Nagaland Statehood Bill. A news release by AAPSU summarized as:

Reminding that the Article 371 (A) is a special provision granted to Nagaland as a partial fulfillment of the 1960 agreement that created the state in 1963, AAPSU expressed dismay at the demand made by the PADC for an ADC in line with the Nagaland Statehood Bill. “It is a serious matter which needs to ponder upon and cannot be just wished away. (North East Today)

The objection by the non-Naga tribes Singpho, Khampti and Yobin was on that same article (AP Times). Nothing else.

But for me having further development structure do not make difference. Someone said, Power Corrupts. Absolute power corrupt absolutely. Our area is popular for corruption. I do not see much hope. What we need is, better people, visionary people and loving people.


Helpful links:

  • Autonomous administrative divisions of India (Wikipedia)
  • Powers of Autonomous Councils in Tribal Areas in North East India (Raghav Gupta)

Observations from Facebook Discussions on Gorkha of Arunachal Pradesh

Following the rally in Itanagar (24 June 2017) in support of Gorkhaland in Darjeeling by Gorkha unions of Arunachal Pradesh, several discussions are taking place on Voice of Arunachal Facebook page. The basic reasoning is: If Gorkhas could demand a separate land in West Bengal, what is the guarantee that it will not happen in Arunachal Pradesh in future?

One particular post was by a user named, Dr. Yami Lee, at the Voice of Arunachal published on 25 June 2017. Though not well refined in writing and organizing, the post received 567 Likes and 129 comments at the time of writing this article (4.30 pm 26 June). That could mean, she has touched a relevant topic and which Arunachal Pradesh would face soon. The post is 3 page long and messy to read. Following are few highlights from the post:

· Today they protest here for Gorkhaland in Darjeeling. Tomorrow they will cry for Gorkhaland in Arunachal Pradesh.

· Increasing population of Nepali and Gorkha unions in the State is serious threat.

· Then she explained the avenues for entry for Gorkha and other outsiders to the State, such as relaxed administration, local Inner Line Permit rackets etc.

Reactions to this post are diverse as expected. Two groups primarily seem to emerge to my observations.

One group thinks that such demand for separate Gorkha District/State will never occur in Arunachal Pradesh. They argue as long as the Inner Line Permit system and Panchasheel Act are in force, no outside community will ever have such privilege. Law provides protection.

But the other group that says it could happen takes example from West Bengal, the formation of Gorkha unions in Arunachal Pradesh, demand for Permanent Residential Certificate (PRC), gradual increase of Gorkha population in the State. Due to the development of these trends, they argue that laws can be amendment with majority demand which has already a trend setter in Tripura.

Personally, I see the Arunachal people are just starting to wake up now. Taking the case of Vijoynagar, there they have been provided land, given power to participate in Panchayati Raj (not privilege given elsewhere in the State), given trade license outside their settlements.

The Ex-Servicemen Settlers of Vijoynagar Circle came in as Settlers. Though these Assam Rifles’ pensioners are from multi-ethnic backgrounds, they are beginning to claim their identity as Gorkha.

Rest you decide.

Below is the post of Dr Yami Lee as it appeared.


Today protest here for Darjeeling Gurkha Land, sure tomorrow they will protest for GURKA LAND IN ARUNACHAL,increasing nepalis population in state its seriuos threat for future,astonished they have been already form gurkha union in state, realy its dangerious alarm for future arunachalees,today we are facing here CHAKMA AND HAJONG issue but tomorrow we are going to face nepalis and bangladeshi then integration of nepalis, chakmas and bangladeshis will dreadful or nightmare threat for upcoming days,many arunachalis ladies intermarried with nepalis, bangladeshi or others, their abandont kids stay here and give local name and status so this sourse of increase nepalis or other populations which is going to imbalance the demographic future of local populations,here we don’t oppose to your marriage whatsoever you like but we oppose you to dwell here with your abandont kids or you have to go with husbands’ state or home .The issue of illegal immigrants in Arunachal pradesh is not new. This has been there since long time back. The influx of illegal immigrants had been time and again discussed in many fora. In all these fora, participants expressed their major fear that this influx of illegal immigrants would destroy their demography one day. And today, the reality is the survival of the very local people is under serious threat and these so-called illegal immigrants started indulging in all sort of heinous crimes. They had scant respect for the married couple even.

Sadly, this dangerous trend started spreading wantonly without much hindrance either from the locals or local administrations. And innocent citizens have been watching helplessly to all these unwanted developments over the years. The civil societies and local administrations were caught napping. Then hurriedly, whenever any heinous crime was committed by these so-called illegal immigrants, we would wake up and rush to the issue without much strategy only to find that most of these people possessed Inner Line Permits (ILPs). Unfortunately, after some time, the heat would fast subside till such time a new heinous crime was committed by these illegal immigrants.

But the complication came up when we started checking ILP defaulters among the nepali or others illegal immigrants communities. Interestingly, most of them again have possessed ILPs issued by the local administrations. But those of ILP defaulters or so-called illegal immigrants would not be found in towns and cities. They would smartly come to towns and cities to commit crimes and return to outskirts of towns and cities or even interior nearby villages to avoid any police arrest. It is also wondering whether police had really checked about the ILP status of any of such non-locals when they made any arrest of these non-local criminals.

The problem here becomes more compounded as these so-called illegal immigrants possessed domicile certificates issued by the Assam’s local administrations. And when these people of doubtful integrity have produced all the documents required, the local administrations here in Arunachal Pradesh have absolutely no way to object to their ILP applications. Besides they could easily impersonate as Indian nepali as they could fluently speak Hindis.

Yet, the grey area, which has literally become a threat to the state, is the administration without properly scrutinizing the documents of these people of doubtful integrity simply issued ILPs to them. Worse, they indulged in issuance of Temporary Permits (TP) wantonly to many of such people of doubtful integrity.

Another shocking trend is there are lots of ILP racketeers going on in the State. This has largely added to the already fragile situation in the state. It will be certainly wrong to say that all the criminal activities are committed by the non-local but it is largely true that majority of the crimes are committed by the non-arunachalees. While discussing about the illegal immigrants, we also should not forget that there are thousands of other non-locals of other origins—like Bhutias and Tibetans. These people have largely succeeded in business ventures in the state. At least in itanagar, they have done exceedingly well in business sectors. The good thing of these people is they don’t indulge in crimes.

Whenever Illegal Bangladesh Immigrants (IBI) issue is stressed, the larger context of understanding NE in general becomes unavoidable as the issue is interlinked. The threat has taken an alarming proportion in the North East (NE) India like in Tripura where indigenous Tripuris are minority in their own land and in Assam around 40 lakh bangladeshi immigrants are deeply entrenched, acting as vote bank commanding undue influence in 40 of the 126 constituencies & no party can come to power without appeasing them. This continuous influx of bangladeshi to NE through the porous border has become a serious threat coupled with apathy of central govt. and the helplessness & insensitivity of the state govt. Though NE in itself is under developed and many of its educated youth migrates to mainland cities for jobs what could be the push and the pull factor behind this trend? The reasons can be;

1. Over population in Bangladesh: Bangladesh has one of the world highest densities of population with 1142 person per (2011 census). The Malthusian nightmare of land unable to sustain the population is happening bane with corruption and ill- governance.

2. Huge availability of fertile land in NE mainly Assam: The land hungry immigrants in need of more lebensraum sneak into sparsely populated but fertile NE mainly Assam & settled there in large number in connivance with corrupt govt. Officials.

3. The need for cheap labour.

The immigrants in Arunachal Pradesh especially from Bihar and UP has been there for a long time and threat perceived was high until the huge unbridled influxes of bangladeshi immigrants who seem to indulge in all the wanton crimes of thief, murder, bottle legging, drug peddling, raped & even hobnobbing with underground elements. Bangladeshi immigrants has come into sharp focus once again since the gang rape of a married woman in states by miyas & the communal spurt in the district of Dubri and kokrajar in Assam followed by unprecedented exodus of North Easterners from mainland India due to threat and reprisal. This is indeed a sign that a time is fast approaching when we will be targeted outside but have no respite at home either.

Immigration is a major concern especially in Itanagar, pasighat, Roing,Chanlang Tirap etc where ILP is not in promulgation and hence the free flow of illegal immigrants, i.e, the miyas or nepali. ‘They have intermarried with the locals… known as semiyas or semi-nepalis or others (hybrid of nonarunachalis) and now their number varies around 80,000 to 100,000 foreboding a major threat to Arunachal demography and a possible source of future tension.. Many might have felt the danger pulse but are too helpless, too selfish or just too lazy to do anything. The insensitivity of the govt. to the appalling abnegation have detected & deported as pittance as illegal immigrants so far. Today occasional border tension especially in Assam-Arunachal border has been caused due to illegal immigrants.

Itanagar has some 4000 lacs non-local shops and the immigrant makes half the population of Itanagar controlling the economic nerve of the state. This amounts to severe economic drain as they brings back no remuneration as no single paisa in invested in the state from the profit it gains. But until this trend is reversed or optimized to a reasonable proportion local economy will be poor as ever. On the other hand there is poverty and unemployment of the locals who are more indulgent and indolent and do need thorough crash course in the art of good business nature.

One decade hereon if this trend goes unchecked, the red line will also be multiplied and so is the helplessness because immigration is not going to stop or stabilize but would only get worse because the push factor is too strong. Even now if we find it difficult, how much more it will be in the near future or when they managed to grab some power as is most likely. This kind of problem is at best tackled at its nascent stage because when it becomes acute, it is already late. Also it would be foolishness if we failed to learn a lesson or two from Assam and Tripura. but here even our very existence is at threat. No wonder all those political berating will soon be relegated into the background as the immigration issue takes the forefront. There is no escape route, hence, the sooner the better strong measure is taken to safeguard our land and culture from occupation and contamination because we have nowhere else to go except this small god given land.

Whether it is the apprehension of repercussion outside the state or just the insensitiveness of the state govt. making an excuse for its negligence, there is no substitute to this problem rather than outright strong legal measure roping in civil societies on a war footing.Taking the example of Tripura & Manipur where 10% of the state total areas control the other 90% from the Agartala and Imphal valley respectively, similar things can happen in Arunachal Pradesh too with Itanagar and Pasighat.I hope every citizns of Arunachal will comprehend the issue or united and fight together against the invasions ,only our unity will provide our strength,some soul might be hurt but the truth is bitter, time has arrived for searching some souls where the thing is going so here I end up my writing any disappoint I apolz or any grammar I accept.

By Dr. B. Yami

The Villages in Vijoynagar Circle According to Census 2011


14 Villages Enlisted according to Census 2011. In the table below,

· Village no 1 to 4 are exclusive Lisu villages

· Village no 5 have mixed population. The Settlers illegally occupied in Vijoynagar HQ.

· Village no 6 to 14 are allotted to Settlers.

No Villages Population
1. Dawodi 184
2. Hazolo 182
3. Gandhigram Bl.I & II 1,754
4. Sidikuh 212
5. Vijoynagar H.Q. 240
6. Buddhamandir 106
7. Chidudi 179
8. Daragaon 322
9. Gaherigaon 57
10. Mazgaon 239
11. Phaparbari 317
12. Ramnagar 138
13. Topihill 242
14. Twohut 266


· Where are the other Lisu villages? Such as Badadi, Meludi, Sichoto, Yacheley, Yachayzolo, Josadi, Nibodi, Lominayi, Ngwazakha, Aguchi and Nagudi are not in picture. See some of the locations of the villages on map.

· In 2014, the Census Authorities registered Nibodi, Ngwazakha and Aguchi villages under Miao Block, clubbed within “Deban Forest Camp”. Objections were raised to the DC Chanchal Yadav by the ZPM and ASM. They promised rectifications but in actual Census Data, they were not reflected. What happened? The Deban Forest Camp where there are no residents registered 348 people, out of which 342 were Scheduled Tribe (Census 2011). This is deliberate actions to irritate our people.


Bridge washed away before inauguration

No action yet on this highlight from the news released on the frontpage of AP Times, 7 September 2016. What the contractors did was once again removed the blockade. No better bridge is being built. What a stubborn government we have in this part of the country.


Photo by Aphu A. Ngwazah

ITANAGAR, Sep 6: One end of the RCC Bridge on Pagla Nallah at M Pen-1 on Miao-Vijoynagar road has been completely washed away leaving the bridge stranded on one side of the nallah.
This long awaited bridge at M’Pen-I, 6 miles off Miao town, was opened for light vehicles few months ago giving much to the relief of the users of the road, but before its formal inauguration.
However, the bridge is no more usable. It is stuffed with filth and debris.
This small Nallah swells violently when it rains. Many people have lost bicycles, loads of articles to this river while crossing it. A young girl of 7th Mile was also reportedly drowned in the river.
Now, crossing the Nallah has become a challenging task again. Countless people had to stop their journey at the Nallah.
The 157 km road serves as lifeline for the people of remote Vijoynagar in Changlang district.


Four dead, six injured as lightning strikes Gandhigram

This incident shocked all our people. In fact this felt for the whole State by highlighting in the front page (AP Times, 6 June 2017). Those succumbed to death and those injured are all familiar and close relatives. Great loss to all of us.

A quick relief was organized by concerned authorities and evacuated the injured early next day, landing at Gandhigram, ignoring formalities of landing ground.

As far as I recount, there was one such incident some years ago when Bolakhi was struck on a sunny day while ploughing his fields.


[ Indrajit Tingwa ]

MIAO, Jun 5: Four persons were reportedly killed when a lightning struck following a thunderstorm while working at a farm in Gandhigram in Vijoynagar circle on Monday at around 11 AM.

Reportedly, the incident occurred when the people were gathered to extend help in a fellow villager’s farm.

At least six other persons, including students are said to have received injuries and are in critical requirement of medical attention. The administration, till the filing of this report has been making fervent arrangements to evacuate the injured.

The dead have been identified as Jalina Yobin (12), Chanisa Yobin (14), Chathaye Yobin (13) and Sholida Yobin (38).

Among the injured are four women, one man and an eight year old boy.

Air service is the only option to carry out immediate evacuations from a place like Gandhigram, which takes at least four to five days of trekking to cover a distance of over 100 kilometre to reach the nearest town of Miao. Even if a helicopter is pressed into service, the nearest helipad is about 25 kilometres from Gandhigram, and the administration is making arrangements to make a temporary landing ground.

Chief Minister Pema Khandu in a late night message said chopper service will be made available on 6th June to Vijoynagar to evacuate the injured persons. He directed the district administration to immediately provide all possible assistance to the victims.

Pema, while expressing deep sorrow over the unfortunate incident has announced immediate release of ex-gratia to the next of kin according to the laid down norms.

While appealing to the people to be cautious during monsoon which creates havoc every year and claims precious lives, the Chief Minister advised all to be in preparedness to tackle such natural calamity.


Yobins and their tryst with APST

The following article at the AP Times Readers’ Forum (30 May 2017) is in response to the AAPSU’s discussion (28 May) of “ST Status of the Yobins/Lisus” in the context of Refugees and Settlers.

The Government of AP unjustly committed injustice against the Yobins once again.


Dear Editor,

We want to ask everybody never again to discuss Indigenous Yobin issue in the category of Refugees or Settlers. It is a pain to read Yobin tagged in such situation time and again. Please get these facts straights:

1. Did you know that Yobin people have never migrated into India? Yobins have been aborigines of Dawodi (Vijoynagar) area long before the area was annexed into NEFA? And are you aware that the international boundary around Vijoynagar was finalized with Burma only in 1972? And Yobin tribe played a crucial role then which has been recorded.

2. Did you know that it was only on May 7th 1961, Lisu Sidi Village was re-named as Gandhigram and the flag of India was unfurled for the first time in Gandhigram?

3. Are you aware that YOBIN Scheduled Tribe is fully covered under Presidential Order 1956, -“Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Lists (Modification) Order, 1956”. Sc III, Part-II, 2. And such has been the interpretation by the Law Ministry, the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, Office of the Registrar Genral of India, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

4. You may not be aware that while there are 106 tribes in AP, only 16 names are in the Notified ST List of Arunachal Pradesh! But the State Legislature rightfully extends ST benefits to all the indigenous tribes of the State. Yobin is gazetted as a Scheduled Tribe.

There are a lot more evidences available. You could ask all the questions you want at

Of course the Yobin ST Notification was practically withdrawn since March 2017. And this was done for there was a Procedural Error. But in the same letter that came from MTA / Ministry of Tribal Affairs, the Ministry clearly wrote that ” But the People is Scheduled Tribe”. And the Ministry has asked Govt of Arunachal to send a Comprehensive ST List of AP. And this work is under process. Ref: MTA LETTER NO 16014/9/2015-C & LM-1. Dated 08/03/2016. New Delhi.

So, Yobin is never ever demanding APST! We already are. We are just claiming what is already ours constitutionally. And the matter is under procedural correction. That is all.

Once again, let us tell you, if you are questioning Yobin’s Tribal Arunachal Identity, you are either exhibiting ignorance or going against the Presidential Order. It is true that Yobin Tribe has been sidelined, marginalized, maligned, and misrepresented for over 40 years now! The tribe is heavily afflicted for reasons not told to the tribe, yet the tribe is not destroyed. The community is very much alive and well. God has not forsaken the community.

So, all good hearted fellow Arunachalees are requested to champion Yobin’s genuine cause. We shall overcome someday!


Aphu A Ngwazah.



AYSU Delegation to Itanagar

Photo of AYSU Delegation (Left to Right): Shokoye, Yofuna, Nomasay, Salina, Dilihey, Josawu, Sosadi, Ngwazosa, Lewadi and Gujusa

The All Yobin Students Union (AYSU) made a purposeful visit to Itanagar from 2 – 11 June 2017. The team met several key officers and leaders –Chief Minister, Chief Secretary, AAPSU President, Education Minister, BJP State President, BJP State Gen Secy, AITF General Secy and our Local Minister. The discussion with the Education Minister was published at AP Times Readers Forum.

A detailed deliberation with the Chief Minister on 8th June took place. The team forwarded for news release to the newspapers (AP Times & Eastern Sentinel) twice but did not appear. Below is the summary of the meeting with Chief Minister:


The Yobin have a lot of unresolved issues left unattended by the government during the last four decades. With these areas that require immediate action, the executive members of the All Yobin Students Union (AYSU) called on the Chief Minister, Pema Khandu at his chamber on 8th June. The AYSU was accompanied by the local MLA cum Minister of WRD Shri Kamlung Mossang. A memorandum was submitted for the following grievances.

1. First, for restoration of the Scheduled Tribe status to the Yobins. The GoAP notified Yobin as ST by the Extra Ordinary Gazette (no. 82, vol xxii dated: 30 March 2015) but the Article 342 has been misapplied in the case of Yobins. Objection was to the misapplication of the law, NOT to the tribe. Hence, that order was cancelled on 25 January 2017 but the government did not provide any option to relief our problem. The CM assured to take up with the Central Government to make this reality at the earliest as he had done earlier. He convened a meeting on Yobin ST issue on 21 April and the matter taken to the Govt of India.

2. Second, for the Miao-Vijoynagar Road to be completed soon. Since the road completed in 1975, it was not maintained, the road therefore became almost untraceable. A PMGSY scheme provided fund with the laying of foundation stone by the then Union Rural Minister Jairam Ramesh in 2011. Unfortunately, the tender was given to contractors, instead of the demand of the public to be given to BRO. As feared, the work never progressed till today. We still have to walk four days on foot. Nothing changed during the last 6 years. The CM sympathized with our struggles in road communication. He promised a special meeting will be called on the 22 June to take this case forward.

3. Third, for the Settlers of Vijoynagar to be restricted to the land the government has allotted. The Assam Rifles Ex-Service Settlers were brought in to Vijoynagar in the 1960s. Specific plots of land were provided for them both for residence and agricultural purposes on a lease of 30 years, with tax to be paid to government. The first renewal was done in 1990 and the next due in 2020. But now the settlers are coming out of their settlement areas and encroaching our land. These illegal activities were reported to the local administration, Circle Officers. No decisions and action has been taken to safeguard the indigenous people. This problem was reported to the CM and requested that action to be taken so that the Settlers would confine and be satisfied with the land the government allotted them and not beyond and disturb the local harmony. The CM would do a study and call on a decision.

We grateful to the HCM for his kindness and willingness to look into the needs people of this border area. We look forward to see the promises fulfilled and provide us relief from current difficulties.


Gandhiji’s Statue at Shidi

Photo: Gandhi Statue at Shidi (Taken by: Ahdi Mark and Friends)

Photo: Inscription on the Gandhi Statue at Shidi (Taken by: Ahdi Mark and Friends)

This statue of Gandhi at Shidi village made milestone in our history.

First, this indicated once for all that Shidi village falls within the territory of Independent India. One source told this was installed in 1972 (date not found in the statue). If that were true, this is immediately before or after the international border demarcations with the Burma government was completed.

Second, the name of the village was changed from Shidi to Gandhigram. Shidi in local dialect means, “fields of grass” (a kind of grass used for roofing the house). But since the coming of the statue until today, the village is known officially as Gandhigram, though all villagers still use Shidi amongst them.

For those who have not seen it, this is located within the church compound, which is located at the center of the village.

I wonder why at Shidi village this was installed. Could it be because the Indian Army first met the Lisu people at Shidi on 7th May 1961?

Older people told me a special helicopter brought this statue.

Photo: PC Lal (IAF)

The person who unveiled it was a high profile officer. I came to know about him only after reading Whos who in the Indian Air Force at a General Knowledge book. After digging a bit more, I found the following about him.

  • His full name: Pratap Chandra Lal
  • Served as Chief of the Air Staff from 1969 to 1973
  • He has written a biography, finally completed by his wife called “My Years with the IAF” published in 1983.
  • More about him at Indian Air Force site.
  • Perhaps, at that time none of the villagers might know such an important person came to unveiled the status.

Some stories Phamatse, an 80 year old man shared the following on 29 Nov 2016:

A Carebo plane was specifically consigned to transport to Vijoynagar Headquarter and on the same night, it was brought to Shidi by two PWD staffs. Along with it, the Circle Officer wrote a letter to the Headmaster of Govt. Middle School of Shidi village, Mr Bor Saikia, to find some people and paste the inscription on the Statue body that was already completed. Phamatse joined them.

Also he remembers the day PC Lal came. Mr Lal spoke briefly about the significance of that statue and that he has two years to retire from his post.

Another elderly person, Motika (about 75 years) said two helicopters came on the day PC Lal came to unveil the Gandhi Statue. The helicopters landed at School Play ground.

For the school students, this is an important location to pay homage on every Independence Day and the Republic Day.

And this site will continue to play a part of our society’s life even in the days to come.


Mugaphi Team: Won Runner Up Cup in Miao

Our team reached a historic moment in football this year. We got Second Place trophy at the Miao Independence Tournament 2016 from among the 28 teams. Another proud moment is when Jolisa (in pic with cup) received the Best Player Award.

A person narrated to me some years ago, we never won a single match. In fact those days, one team returned with 0 to 11 goals and later with 0 to 7 goals. We began winning one match in 2014; two matches in 2015; and four matches in 2016. This is big leap for us.

Courtesy: Facebook [STANDING – Dhanwar, Tiyoye, Bayosa (Captain), Dilisay, Akhi Josali, Phiyosa, Yodawu, Bilija and Adi Jolisa; SITTING – Papu (Manager), Fulakhi, Gujosa, Tweni, Jolidi, Athiye, Gelisa, Tsisa and Ngwayotsi (Coach)]

Teams we have challenged this year:

Match Played with Scored Goals Result
Mugaphi vs New Khamlang 5 – 1 Winner
Mugaphi vs Ralungkan 5 – 1 Winner
Mugaphi vs M’pen 4 – 2 Winner
Mugaphi vs Scorpion Return 3 – 0 Winner
Mugaphi vs Upper Miao 1 – 3 Lost

Trophy with Flag in background

What Contributed to this success? I could think of a couple of factors:

· Our boys have taken interest and improved their football skills over the years.

· Four experienced players joined from our villages and a keeper from outside.

· Good leadership given by Manager, Coach and Miao Yobin Welfare Association. Support by Yobin people.

Why did we loss the Final Match with the Upper Miao FC?

· They are really good players. They played much better than most of our boys. We have much to pick up from them in terms of speed, passing and strategies.

· Another setback for our team was lack of diet knowledge. Our boys had lunch with beef curry just 3 hours before the match. That reduced speed and generated heat. As a result our team cannot run and due to thirst they drank lots of water. If this blunder had not happen, the match would have been much livelier.

What Should We do For Next Year? I overheard the following from our gatherings before and after each football match.

· We must develop good goalkeepers.

· Our boys should be trained is striking goals. We have slow and weak shots.

· Passing is still weak. We should aim at quick and correct passes.

· Play tactics and strategies is still at baby stage.

Now we are good in running, long shots, heading. Our team did not get even a single card. That is good sign of players. If we develop the above, we would play well.

This tournament received much news coverage on the Mugaphi team.

FC Gara XI, Mugaphi Vijaynaga win (ET Correspondent, 30 July 2016, The Eastern Today)

Mugaphi Vijaynagar thrashes Ranglungkan FC 5-1, enters quarters (Indrajit TIngwa, 7 August 2016, The Eastern Today)

INDEPENDENCE CUP FOOTBALL TOURNAMENT 2016 : Mugaphi Vijaynagar and UMFC enter the finals (By Indrajit Tingwa, 13 August 2016, Dawnlitpost)


Students union threatens agitation over buffer zone issue

The one sided approach of the Tiger Authority seems to be consistent even in other areas too. Here is one strategy we can use to challenge the undemocratic declaration of the Tiger Reserve and its buffer zone in our villages which they declared as Namdapha. (AP Times, 2 August 2016)


ITANAGAR, Aug 1: All Pakke-Kessang Pijerang Dissing-Passo Seijosa Students’ Union (APPDSSU), which has been demanding to revoke the order declaring the areas around Pakke Tiger Reserve as buffer zone/ Eco-Sensitive Zone, has threatened to launch democratic movement, if the authority does not pay heed to their demands

Claiming that majority of the residents of the concern area oppose it, the union, in a representation, demanded the Chief Secretary to constitute a high power committee with people of the affected area within a week and also to ask the department concerned to form an expert committee with affected people to study the matter seriously.

The union alleged that the declaration was made arbitrarily whereas the limits of such areas should be determined on the basis of scientific and objective criteria in consultation with the Gram Sabha and expert committee. But with regards to this instant case, these criteria were not maintained and blatantly overlooked.