Forest Rights Act

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The Forest Rights Act, 2006 is also known as:

  1. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
  2. The Tribal Rights Act,
  3. The Tribal Bill, and
  4. The Tribal Land Act

History

Indian forests are governed by two main laws, Indian Forest Act, 1927 and Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. “The former empowers the government to declare any area to be a reserved forest, protected forest or village forest. The latter allows any area to be constituted as a “protected area”, namely a national park, wildlife sanctuary, tiger reserve or community conservation area.” see notes.

National Forest Policy 1988 recognized the forest and forest dwelling communities. The policy called for the need to associate tribal people in the protection, regeneration and development of forests.

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, was enacted to protect the marginalised socio-economic class of citizens and balance the right to environment with their right to life and livelihood.

Sources

What is Forest Rights Act? by Krishnadas Rajagopal (The Hindu, 2 March 2019)

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (Wikipedia, accessed: 4 Sep 2019).

Main website: https://www.fra.org.in/

 

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